Stp is an interesting product, and few people understand it, so lets get rid of some of the nonsense. Understanding the sae motor oil viscosity standard. Cummins isb used for dpf performance evaluation before and after ash loading tests on accelerated test rig. Chevron oronite sells quality additives that improve the performance of lubricants and fuels. Long chain alkylbenzenes adhere to small crystallites of wax. Lubricant and properties of lubricant,part3,md1 duration. Heavy duty oil stabilizer lucas oil stabilizer is a 100% petroleum product formulated to eliminate dry starts and reduce friction, heat and wear in any type of engine. As a leading solution provider we continuously strive to develop new additive technologies to meet the needs of the lubricant and fuel industries.
What makes us so different is the special way we involve ourselves in. The chemistry and function of lubricant additives stle. We aim to provide a single source for specifications for engine oils, industrial, driveline and off road, together with the associated bench, rig and engine test procedures. If you would like to extend the life of your vehicle, find the shop closest to you that performs bg automotive maintenance services. Air cooled engines 2t lowash 4t additive system additive system viscosity modifier base stock base stock solvent lubricity agent pib or brightstock 2t ashless water cooled engines additive system lubricity agent usually included in additive system base stock solvent ashless additive system required to prevent preignition in water cooled. Overview of automotive engine friction and reduction trends effects of surface, material, and lubricant additive technologies victor w. Lubricant formulations to enhance engine efficiency in modern internal combustion engines. Shell engine oils and lubricants shell is the number one global lubricant supplier, delivering marketleading lubricants to consumers in over 100 countries. Comprehensively designed to protect all types of engines in a variety of operating environments. Oxidation inhib itors keep sludge from forming and keep the oil flowing to critical parts. Lubricant additive vanlube 996e lubricant additive provides protection for your most demanding applications 30 winfield street, p. Turbine oils need good demulsibility while wheel bearing greases need emulsibility. Characteristics and effects of lubricant additive chemistry and.
The industry is characterized by increasing additive usage in base oil blending for longer service life and performance. Xtra lube concentrate oil additives bell performance. Pdf on oct 18, 1993, walter robert pyle and others published the effect of lubricating oil. Most people assume that sae 90 gear oil is much thicker than sae 40 or 50 motor oil. Lubricant additives are available in different formulations. Available as oil additives and lubricant oil additives. Lucas engine oil stop leak is an all new formulation of lucas additives and very specific base stocks designed to stop seal leaks in engines. They are also responsible for better oil flow at low temperatures, resulting in. Xtra lube concentrate blends seamlessly with all popular types of lubricating oil, both conventional and synthetic, and will not settle out over time or separate from the lubricating oil. Automotive lubricants reference book sae international. Material safety data sheet lubex 50 engine oil additive page 1 of 5 section ia. Zndtp is very important to prolong the antiwear performance of the engine oil. Oils that operate over a wide temperature range need vi improvers. It provides information about the condition of the oil, its suitability for further use and to a certain extent information about the condition of the machinery lubricated by the oil.
Nalube aw6310 is strongly recommended for industrial gear oils. Oils displaying these marks meet performance requirements set by u. Use and benefits details a wide range of additives employed in pcmo and hdeo oils. Products description pack antifoam it is an oligomeric, nonsilicone product that is highly effective in virtually all lubricating oils, gear oils and industrial oils.
Protects camshaft lifters and valve train during breakin period of motor. Oil basics typical drivetrain fluid additives gear oil and. Boron nitride, tungsten disulfide and polytetrafluorethylene ptfe are other solid lubricants. Overview of automotive engine friction and reduction. Oil additives are chemical compounds that improve the lubricant performance of base oil or oil base stock. Nov 11, 2012 dedicated motorcyclescooter lubricant additives for a smooth ride duration. Multi g is compatible with commonly used seal and gasket materials. Crc handbook of lubrication theory and practice of. Four new lubricant additive products have been added to the comprehensive family of additive solutions offered by midwestbased midcontinental chemical company, inc. Lubricant additives are organic or inorganic chemical compounds, which are either dissolved or suspended in lubricants and functional fluids to improve their performance. First one person said to thicken oil simply use 2 cans of 30 weight oil, this isnt a good thing to do for modern cars where the owners manual recommends 020 or 530, straight 30 could cause some fatal damage to engine. The document includes a systematic description of the chemistry of each additive, its purpose and its mode of action in its selected application. This text details the design of costeffective, environmentally friendly lubricant additive technologies and components for the automotive, industrial, manufacturing, food, and aerospace industries.
Total freeworld consumption of lubricant additives is estimated to be about three times that of the u. Lubricity additives additives that create a barrier between two surfaces tribology the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion, including the study of friction, lubrication, and wear deposited films contain chemically active or chemically inactive additives. Additives are substances formulated for improvement of the antifriction, chemical and physical properties of base oils mineral, synthetic, vegetable or animal, which results in enhancing the lubricant performance and extending the equipment life. Serving the steel, automotive, transportation and general manufacturing industries, daubert has focused on corrosion prevention coatings, greases, antiskid coatings, sound deadening coatings, laminating adhesives, and rust preventive concentrates for the. Our lubricant additives are blended into refined base oils to produce finished lubricants used in cars, trucks, buses, ships, tractors, locomotives, motorcycles and a variety of industrial equipment. This expected perfor mance includes achieving an expected life of the oil and of the component in normal operating conditions. A large number of additives are used to impart performance characteristics to the lubricants. Pdf impact of lubricant additives on thephysicochemical. Customers expect the oil to deliver realworld performance and durability in various field applications. Currently, lubricant chemistry, especially additive. During that time we have developed a unique way of doing things that gives our customers so much more than our leadingedge chemistry. Our lubricant additives are blended into refined base oils to produce finished lubricants used in cars, trucks, buses, ships, tractors, locomotives, motorcycles and a.
Daubert chemical company has held a leadership role in providing specialty coatings, lubricants and adhesives since 1935. Characteristics and effects of lubricant additive chemistry. Oils that operate over a wide temperature range need vi. Additive companies are involved in the development of additive package technology for new lowviscosity, heavy duty engine oils hdeo while meeting existing and new engine test requirements. These additives improve the viscosity of oil, act as antioxidants and corrosion inhibitors in combustion engines, and reduce oil decomposition.
Such additives encompass applications for lubrication of passenger car diesel and gasoline engine lubricants pcmo passenger car motor oil and in truck, coach and bus diesel engine lubricants hdeo heavy duty engine oil. Shell lubricants brings worldclass technological insights to its products, offering you the best formulations for your vehicle. Under the brand name additin, rhein chemie additives, a business unit of the specialty chemicals company lanxess, offers solutions for a wide range of in. Solid lubricants possess lamellar structure preventing direct contact between the sliding surfaces even at high loads. Lubricant additives zn, ca, mg, s, p engine wear, corrosion, trace metals in fuels. The manufacturer of many different oils can utilize the same base stock for each formulation and can choose different additives for each specific application.
Get bg shirts, jackets, headwear or promotional gifts on. Engine oil performance classifications sae j183 and j2227 a. Combination of different additives and their quantities are determined by the lubricant type engine. Lubricants and lubrication from the well to the applications.
Castor oil, ricinus communis, bio lubricant, extraction. Advanced, quality fuel additive chemistries bringing proven value to fuel marketers. The additives are specifically engineered to improve the performance of certain oils, greases and specialty lubricants. Lubricant oil additives such as extreme pressure additives, antiwear additives, corrosion inhibitors, watermiscible additives, antioxidants and naphthenic base stock oil additives are available. Industry studies custom research focus reports lubricant. The global lubricant additives market size was usd 14. The effect of lubricating oil additives on valve recession in stationary gaseousfueled. Lucas complete engine treatment is a unique formulation that cleans and lubricates multiple systems in your vehicle. Pour point depressants are compounds that prevent crystallization of waxes. Solid lubricants are mainly used as additives to oils and greases. Just as important are additives for oils used inside gearboxes, automatic. Impact of lubricant additives on thephysicochemical properties and activity of three.
Way catalysts article pdf available in catalysts 64. V a n d e r b il t c he m c a l s, l l c i s o 9 0 1. Viscosity index improvers are very large polymer additives that partially prevent the oil from thinning out losing viscosity as the temperature increases. The sae wanted a system that reflected the suitability of an oil for use as an engine lubricant and was easy for the consumer to understand. The automotive crankcase lubricant additive business all automotive crankcase lubricants need additives, at total concentrations as sold of typically 10 30%. A lubricant supplier may need to test a wide variety of parameters depending upon the final customers application. Dmitri kopeliovich additives are substances formulated for improvement of the antifriction, chemical and physical properties of base oils mineral, synthetic, vegetable or animal, which results in enhancing the lubricant performance and extending the equipment life. These additives are low in toxicity and provide extreme pressure enhancement and friction reduction. Skin contact wash with plenty of water and soap, if irritation develops or persists seek medical at attention.
Lubricant additives market share industry report, 2024. When added to your oil, lucas complete engine treatment cleans your engine and forms a. Potentially useful polyolester lubricant additives purdue epubs. Pdf conditioning of castor oil to be use as lubricant. This fuel burns cleaner and is less polluting than its predecessor, called low sulfur diesel fuel. Low sulfur fuel contained less than 500 ppm of sulfur. Mnl59 astm international 100 barr harbor drive po box c700 west conshohocken, pa 194282959 printed in the u. When added to fuel, it cleans and lubricates all components from the fuel tank to the cylinders. Afton chemical afton chemical have been working in the lubricant additives marketplace for over 90 years. Lubricant additives help provide the performance necessary for efficient operation and prolonged engine life. Lubricant additives are expensive chemicals, and creating the proper mix or formulation of additives is a very complicated science. Ulsd fuel is the fuel currently mandated for use in all on road diesel engines. Superior antiwear additives reduce pitting on critical gear surfaces.
While the claimed use of additives in lubricants dates far back into the 1860s, the modern history of lubricant additives began in the early 20th century, with the use of fatty oils and sulfur in mineral oils to improve lubrication under high loads. Tung2, 1 massachusetts institute of technology, cambridge, ma 029, usa 2 vanderbilt chemicals llc, norwalk, ct 06856, usa. Automotive lubricants reference book second edition list of chapters. A section is devoted to the use and benefits of lubricant. Used engine oil analysis user interpretation guide abstract used oil analysis is an important part of engine maintenance. Lubricant additives because base oils have certain limitations by themselves, lubricant additives are necessary to achieve an expected level of performance in a component. Change engine oil every 100 hours or annually, which ever comes first.
This helps reduce oil leaks from seals that can harden, shrink or swell extending seal life. Oil additives are vital for the proper lubrication and prolonged use of motor oil in modern internal combustion engines. Lubricant additive technology is a complicated business because it involves several different chemistries. Additives comprise up to 5% by weight of some oils. Lubricant additives ashless type ashless friction modifier. These additives are used extensively when blending multigrade engine oils such as sae 5w30 or sae 15w40. Use and benefits is a document published by atc, the technical committee of petroleum additive manufacturers in europe. A guide to motor oil additives yourmechanic advice. X1r corporation 375 fentress blvd daytona beach, fl 32114. Graphite and molybdenum disulfide particles are common solid lubricants.
Lubricant additives made by oronite help to dissolve. What is disclosed are methods for making polymerinoil solutions, useful for improving the viscositytemperature relationship and lowtemperature properties of lubricating oils when added thereto, which methods comprise polymerizing a methacrylic acid ester of an alcohol having 8 to 18 carbon atoms onto a polyolefin. Combination of different additives and their quantities are determined by the lubricant type engine oils, gear oils, hydraulic oils, cutting fluids, way lubricants, compressor oils etc. We have over 50 lubricant additives available to meet your specific requirements. Two lubricant additives were synthesized by the reaction between the carboxyl of graphene oxide and 1dodecanethiol god and tertdodecyl mercaptan got, respectively to be used to improve tribological properties of vegetable rapeseed oil figure 5. Spectro scientific products provide a holistic picture of all oil parameters allowing a lube supplier to offer any testing that might be required. Oil and grease additives lubricants are a combination of the base oil and the additives and the specific combination depends on the properties of both. Sep 30, 2018 the lubricant additives market in the us will benefit from growth in lubricant production and the recent and upcoming introductions of lubricant specifications, in particular for gasoline and diesel engine oils, as well as the uptake of newer automotive technologies. And now, motorcraft offers a specially formulated engine oil for the f150 3. The product can be used as either a lubricant or a cleaner for your fuel. Additives for gear oils, transmission fluids and offhighway fluids, covering all on and off road applications. Debbie sniderman the chemistry and function of lubricant.
Change engine oil every 50 hours or annually, which ever comes first. The the use of bariumderived detergents is being cu rbed due to concerns for bariums toxicity. Member companies of this body currently comprise fourteen specialty chemical manufacturers, including some household names, which together are responsible for the. Afton chemical hopes you find this handbook a useful reference tool and source of information. Exact fit parts 0 not fitted products 42 lucas oil products heavy duty oil stabilizer 1 qt. This handbook, compiled by afton chemical, is a collection of widely used industry specifications. According to amsoil technical drivetrain products manager kevin dinwiddie, the difference is in the additives. Use the oil finder tool above or check your operators manual for the proper. This individual says, optimum performance of the formulation is sometimes dif. Modern automotive lubricants contain as many as ten additives, comprising up to 20% of the lubricant, the main families of additives are. Combination of different additives and their quantities are determined by the lubricant type engine oils, gear.
Xtra lube concentrate is compatible with all types of engineoil including synthetics and can be used in. Pdf the effect of lubricating oil additives on valve recession in. Oil changing is an important car maintenance task, and different motor oils you can buy in the market have various additives. The readers will be introduced to molecular sciences underlying lubrication engineering. Additive enhanced oils which met both warm and cold. Additional data will soon be available for the following additives. First aid measures eye contact flush eyes with clean water for 15 minutes, get medical attention if irriation develops or persists. Often, one additive can adversely interact with another. Lubricant additives a practical guide machinery lubrication. Without many of these, the oil would become contaminated, break down, leak out, or not properly protect engine parts at all operating temperatures.
Highquality engine oil additive blended from the finest base oils, both petroleum and synthetic. Gear oil and motor oil are not the same gear oil differs from motor oil. Presenting methods to improve the performance and stability of lubricants, protect metal surfaces against wear, and to control deposits and contaminant. Chlorine derived from cfc and hcfc refrigerants is reported to have effective antiwear properties and negates the widespread use of additives in mineral oil. Caterpillar onhighway diesel engine fluids recommendations. Lubricant additives phosphate ester type anti wear agent, extreme pressure lubricant, industrial lubricant, gear oil, grease. Its advisable to choose the one that is appropriate for the type of engine in your car by consulting the manufacturers instruction manual. Molecular science of lubricant additives 2279 mdpi. Using the wrong oil can cause damage to your engine and you could void the warranty on it by doing so. Basf offers the broadest line of ashless metalfree additives and additive packages for the formulation of highquality solutions in a wide range of applications.
This practice continued until 1859 when petroleumbased lubricants became available. Bg is a top aftermarket supplier thats sold exclusively through a worldwide network of distributors since 1971. Fundamental understanding of ash properties lacking ash mitigation cj4 oil specification limits sulfated ash to 1. Hydraulic oils need antiwear additives but rarely need ep additives. Apis certification mark and service symbol identify quality motor oils for gasoline and dieselpowered vehicles.112 1065 1354 1027 752 672 437 910 396 1261 1365 1532 1435 947 722 1555 338 1007 856 1213 568 398 102 945 482 1498 1196 408 1473 117 901 1057 683 1320 17 730 484 1280 655 684 179 1291 320 944 332